The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The World I See Is Fair and Free
Where People Can Travel
Wherever They Please.
And Children Can Eat
And Have Shoes On Their Feet
And Not Be Afraid When They Walk On The Street.
Its Not That There Has To Be A Rainbow And Bunny's
There Are Streets Full Of People They Are Dancing Like Dummy's
But Freedom To Live
To Learn And To Play
To Just Be Yourself
And Think Your Own Way
The World I See May Sound Crazy To You
But Hopefully Someday, You'l See It To
United For Human Rights
What are human rights?
A member of the homo sapiens species;
a man, woman or child; a person.
Things to wich you are entitled or allowed;
freedoms that are guaranteed.
The rights you have simply because
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man.
He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder
in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script.
Known today as the Cyrus Cylinder, this ancient record has now been recognized as the world’s first charter of human rights. It is translated into all six official languages of the United Nations
and its provisions parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Spread of Human Rights
From Babylon, the idea of human rights spread quickly to India, Greece and eventually Rome. There the concept of “natural law” arose, in observation of the fact that people tended to follow certain unwritten laws in the course of life, and Roman law was based on rational ideas derived from the nature of things.
Documents asserting individual rights, such as the Magna Carta (1215), the Petition of Right (1628), the US Constitution (1787), the French Declaration of the
Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789), and the US Bill of Rights (1791) are the written precursors to many of today’s human rights documents.
THE MAGNA CARTA (1250)
The Magna Carta, or “Great Charter,” was arguably the most significant early influence on the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law today in the English-speaking world.
In 1215, after King John of England violated a number of ancient laws and customs by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, which enumerates what later came to be thought of as human rights. Among them was the right of the church to be free from governmental interference, the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property and to be protected from excessive taxes. It established the right of widows who owned property to choose not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equality before the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and official misconduct.
Widely viewed as one of the most important legal documents in the development of modern democracy, the Magna Carta was a crucial turning point in the struggle to establish
PETITION OF RIGHT (1628)
The next recorded milestone in the development of human rights was the Petition of Right, produced in 1628 by the English Parliament and sent to Charles I as a statement of civil liberties. Refusal by Parliament to finance the king’s unpopular foreign policy had caused his government to exact forced loans and to quarter troops in subjects’ houses as an economy measure. Arbitrary arrest and imprisonment for opposing these policies had produced in Parliament a violent hostility to Charles and to George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham. The Petition of Right, initiated by Sir Edward Coke, was based upon earlier statutes and charters and asserted four principles: (1) No taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament, (2) No subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (reaffirmation of the right of habeas corpus), (3) No soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry, and (4) Martial law may not be used in time of peace.
UNITED STATES DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE (1776)
On July 4, 1776, the United States Congress approved the Declaration of Independence. Its primary author, Thomas Jefferson, wrote the Declaration as a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and as a statement announcing that the thirteen American Colonies were no longer a part of the British Empire. Congress issued the Declaration of Independence in several forms. It was initially published as a printed broadsheet that was widely distributed and read to the public.
Philosophically, the Declaration stressed two themes: individual rights and the right of revolution. These ideas became widely held by Americans and spread internationally as well, influencing in particular the French Revolution.
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (1787) AND BILL OF RIGHTS (1791)
Written during the summer of 1787 in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America is the fundamental law of the US federal system of government and the landmark document of the Western world. It is the oldest written national constitution in use and defines the principal organs of government and their jurisdictions and the basic rights of citizens.
The first ten amendments to the Constitution—the Bill of Rights—came into effect on December 15, 1791, limiting the powers of the federal government of the United States and protecting the rights of all citizens, residents and visitors in American territory.
The Bill of Rights protects freedom of speech, freedom of religion, the right to keep and bear arms, the freedom of assembly and the freedom to petition. It also prohibits unreasonable search and seizure, cruel and unusual punishment and compelled self-incrimination. Among the legal protections it affords, the Bill of Rights prohibits Congress from making any law respecting establishment of religion and prohibits the federal government from depriving any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. In federal criminal cases it requires indictment by a grand jury for any capital offense, or infamous crime, guarantees a speedy public trial with an impartial jury in the district in which the crime occurred, and prohibits double jeopardy.
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF THE CITIZEN (1789)
In 1789 the people of France brought about the abolishment of the absolute monarchy and set the stage for the establishment of the first French Republic. Just six weeks after the storming of the Bastille, and barely three weeks after the abolition of feudalism, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (French: La Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen) was adopted by the National Constituent Assembly as the first step toward writing a constitution for the Republic of France.
The Declaration proclaims that all citizens are to be guaranteed the rights of “liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.” It argues that the need for law derives from the fact that “...the exercise of the natural rights of each man has only those borders which assure other members of the society the enjoyment of these same rights.” Thus, the Declaration sees law as an “expression of the general will,“ intended to promote this equality of rights and to forbid “only actions harmful to the society.”
THE FIRST GENEVA CONVENTION (1864)
In 1864, sixteen European countries and several American states attended a conference in Geneva, at the invitation of the Swiss Federal Council, on the initiative of the Geneva Committee. The diplomatic conference was held for the purpose of adopting a convention for the treatment of wounded soldiers in combat.
The main principles laid down in the Convention and maintained by the later Geneva Conventions provided for the obligation to extend care without discrimination to wounded and sick military personnel and respect for and marking of medical personnel transports and equipment with the distinctive sign of the red cross on a white background.
THE UNITED NATIONS (1945)
World War II had raged from 1939 to 1945, and as the end drew near, cities throughout Europe and Asia lay in smoldering ruins. Millions of people were dead, millions more were homeless or starving. Russian forces were closing in on the remnants of German resistance in Germany’s bombed-out capital of Berlin. In the Pacific, US Marines were still battling entrenched Japanese forces on such islands as Okinawa.
In April 1945, delegates from fifty countries met in San Francisco full of optimism and hope. The goal of the United Nations Conference on International Organization was to fashion an international body to promote peace and prevent future wars. The ideals of the organization were stated in the preamble to its proposed charter: “We the peoples of the United Nations are determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind.”
The Charter of the new United Nations organization went into effect on October 24, 1945, a date that is celebrated each year as United Nations Day.
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS (1948)
By 1948, the United Nations’ new Human Rights Commission had captured the world’s attention. Under the dynamic chairmanship of Eleanor Roosevelt—President Franklin Roosevelt’s widow, a human rights champion in her own right and the United States delegate to the UN—the Commission set out to draft the document that became the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Roosevelt, credited with its inspiration, referred to the Declaration as the international Magna Carta for all mankind. It was adopted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948.
In its preamble and in Article 1, the Declaration unequivocally proclaims the inherent rights of all human beings: “Disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people...All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”
The Member States of the United Nations pledged to work together to promote the thirty Articles of human rights that, for the first time in history, had been assembled and codified into a single document. In consequence, many of these rights, in various forms, are today part of the constitutional laws of democratic nations.
YOUR 30# UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS
All human beings are born free and equal in
dignity and rights. They are endowed with
reason and conscience and should act towards
one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and
freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
distinction of any kind, such as race, colour,
sex, language, religion, political or other
opinion, national or social origin, property, birth
or other status. Furthermore, no distinction
shall be made on the basis of the political,
jurisdictional or international status of the
country or territory to which a person belongs,
whether it be independent, trust, non-self-
governing or under any other limitation of
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and
security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude;
slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited
in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to
cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
Everyone has the right to recognition
everywhere as a person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled
without any discrimination to equal protection
of the law. All are entitled to equal protection
against any discrimination in violation of this
Declaration and against any incitement to such
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy
by the competent national tribunals for acts
violating the fundamental rights granted him by
the constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest,
detention or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and
public hearing by an independent and impartial
tribunal, in the determination of his rights and
obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has
the right to be presumed innocent until proved
guilty according to law in a public trial at which
he has had all the guarantees necessary for his
2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal
offence on account of any act or omission
which did not constitute a penal offence, under
national or international law, at the time when
it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty
be imposed than the one that was applicable at
the time the penal offence was committed.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary
interference with his privacy, family, home or
correspondence, nor to attacks upon his
honour and reputation. Everyone has the right
to the protection of the law against such
interference or attacks.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of
movement and residence within the
borders of each State.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country,
including his own, and to return to his country
1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy
in other countries asylum from persecution.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of
prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political
crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes
and principles of the United Nations.
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his
nationality nor denied the right to change his
1. Men and women of full age, without any
limitation due to race, nationality or religion,
have the right to marry and to found a family.
They are entitled to equal rights as to
marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the
free and full consent of the intending spouses.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental
group unit of society and is entitled to
protection by society and the State.
1. Everyone has the right to own property
alone as well as in association with others.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion; this right includes
freedom to change his religion or belief, and
freedom, either alone or in community with
others and in public or private, to manifest his
religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion
and expression; this right includes freedom to
hold opinions without interference and to seek,
receive and impart information and ideas
through any media and regardless of frontiers.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of
peaceful assembly and association.
2. No one may be compelled to belong to an
1. Everyone has the right to take part in the
government of his country, directly or through
freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right to equal access to
public service in his country.
3. The will of the people shall be the basis of
the authority of government; this will shall be
expressed in periodic and genuine elections
which shall be by universal and equal suffrage
and shall be held by secret vote or by
equivalent free voting procedures.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the
right to social security and is entitled to
realization, through national effort and
international co-operation and in accordance
with the organization and resources of each
State, of the economic, social and cultural
rights indispensable for his dignity and the free
development of his personality.
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free
choice of employment, to just and favorable
conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has
the right to equal pay for equal work.
3. Everyone who works has the right to just
and favourable remuneration ensuring for
himself and his family an existence worthy of
human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary,
by other means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions
for the protection of his interests.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure,
including reasonable limitation of working hours
and periodic holidays with pay.
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of
living adequate for the health and well-being of
himself and of his family, including food,
clothing, housing and medical care and
necessary social services, and the right to
security in the event of unemployment,
sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or
other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to
special care and assistance. All children,
whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education
shall be free, at least in the
elementary and fundamental stages.
Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Technical and professional education shall be
made generally available and higher education
shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
2. Education shall be directed to the full
development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among
all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for
the maintenance of peace.
3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate
in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy
the arts and to share in scientific advancement
and its benefits.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of
the moral and material interests resulting from
any scientific, literary or artistic production of
which he is the author.
Everyone is entitled to a social and
international order in which the rights and
freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
1. Everyone has duties to the community in
which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms,
everyone shall be subject only to such
limitations as are determined by law solely for
the purpose of securing due recognition and
respect for the rights and freedoms of others
and of meeting the just requirements of
morality, public order and the general welfare in
a democratic society.
3. These rights and freedoms may in no case
be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted
as implying for any State, group or person any
right to engage in any activity or to perform
any act aimed at the destruction of any of the
rights and freedoms set forth herein.